Cardiology is a science which examines cardiovascular system diseases. Diagnosis and treatment of dieases on cardivascular system are executed.
On cardiology diseases scanning and analysis methods like rhythm holter, blood pressure holter, ultrasound and mr angiography are applied.
Coronary failure, results in hardening and losing elasticity of the coronary arteries that nourish the heart and supplying less blood to the heart. During diagnosis of coronary insufficiency electrocardiography, coronary angiography and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy methods are used. Drug therapy or balloon treatment and stent can be applied to provide opening of arties according to patient's situation. Also coronary insufficiency can be treated by bypass operation..
Cardiac insufficiency is a discomfort which occurs in case of the loss of function of the heart muscle and failure in the function of the heart pumping blood. Patient's nutrition is quite important during the cardiac insufficiency treatment. Therefore the heart muscle booster and facilitating pumping blood are treated with diuretic drugs along with a special diet.
These diseases caused by the lack of full closure or one or more of four covers located on heart. In heart valve diseases' treatment, generally the heart is trying to be strengthened with drugs. At later stages these can be treated with surgical operations based on the patient's situation, too.
Pumping the blood faster or slower than normal derived from contraction of the heart muscle, neural transmission corruption on heart or weakening of the heart muscle cause cardiac rhythm disturbances. Cardiac rhythm and conduction disturbances are examined together. At first, drug therapy is applied to return to normal the heart rate on cardiac rhythm and conduction disturbances treatment. In case in cardiac rhythm disturbances' treatment, caused by heart valves or heart failure, surgical operation can be applied.
Aorta diseases are examined into two main groups such as aortic aneurysm and aortic dissection.
Aortic aneurysm includes the situation that the diameter of the aorta is larger than 3 centimetres. In aorta aneurysm's treatment, stent or surgical operation is applied to straiten the diameter of the aorta.
Aortic dissection is the situation that the separation and detachment of the inner membrane of the aorta. Aorta dissection is treated with a surgical operation which includes the processes of merging and suturing the laceration of the tissues and is quite detailed.
Peripheral vascular diseases occurs as a result of the expansion, shrinkage, cracking and branch of blood vessels covering leg veins. The expansion of vessels can be treated with stent or inserting the balloon according to patient's situation.
Hypercholesteremai is a disease which cause blockage and hardening of the vascular system as a result of having high cholesterol. Its treatment without drug is possible. In this method, nutrition is changed and exercise is done. In case in drug therapy, exercise and diet is performed with drug. Treatment method is determined according to patient's situation.
Hypertension is a serious disease which is caused by having more blood pressure and affects vital functions negatively. Hypertension treatment is provided with drugs that control blood pressure. Also nutrition and exercise order are changed and a special diet is applied to regulate blood pressure.
Congenital heart diseases includes abnormalities which occur during the formation and development of the fetus or in the circulatory system. Have a hole in heart, not fully developed the heart valves, narrow of the aorta , the cross arteries from the heart are among these diseases. Congenital heart diseases' treatment differs according to the condition of the disease and generally surgical operation is applied.
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